After waiting in vain for military reinforcements to help with the move, Clum began relocating the tribe in early June. “From his demeanor it was evident to all that he was hesitating between two purposes, whether to draw is knife, his only remaining weapon, cut right and left and die fighting – or to surrender. But that night, about 700 Chiricahua Apaches of the Bedonkohi and Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico. Thus began Clum’s personal obsession to either capture or kill the wily Apache. He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. He was replaced by a series of agents who were renowned for their corruption. Six started to run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them and they stopped in their tracks. John P. Clum, of San Bernardino, was born in Claverack, Columbia County, New York, in 1851, and his childhood and youth were passed on the banks of the historic Hudson. Was it Clum’s successor, H.L. Ed Bailey Lee Van Cleef. It wasn’t to be, but now the story gets really interesting. [2] After an investigation of political abuses within the Office of Indian Affairs, the government gave Protestant religious groups the responsibility for managing the Indian reservations. John Clum married thirdly 24 October 1914 in New York City, New York to Florence A. By 1977, San Carlos had been transformed, at least in Clum’s fantasy world, into “… that wonderful reservation where all is peace, plenty, and happiness.”. New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. The journey would take three weeks. There he became a lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp. Clum, not wishing to lose the opportunity to capture his nemesis, decided to go on ahead without the cavalry. He was willing. [2], John Clum married first 8 November 1876 in Delaware County, Ohio to Mary "Mollie" Ware. On April 21, Clum and his policemen arrived at the rendezvous place were they were to meet 8 companies of the 9th Cavalry to assist in forcing perhaps 500 Apaches from their homeland. He became Tombstone’s first mayor elected under the new city charter of 1881. At the age of nineteen he graduated at the Hudson River Institute, and entered the freshman class of Rutger’s College, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Ike, Wyatt said, drew back and motioned he was not in it. Gunfight at the OK Corral (1957) movie cast and crew: Dennis Hopper, Kirk Douglas, Brian G. Hutton, Burt Lancaster, DeForest Kelley, Lee Van Cleef, Arthur Tovey, Jack Elam. Although various articles list Stuart Lake's 1931 book "Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshall" as an additional source text for the film, the book is not credited in the SAB or any contemporary reviews. According to Clum, he had no idea who turned these murderers loose. Western Folk Legend. Again, according to Clum, when he ordered Geronimo to the guardhouse, the Apache did not move. Dan Tharp in Conquest of Apacheria writes, without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo. Whit Bissell (John P. Clum) appeared in that series famous episode The Trouble With Tribbles. In January Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered. Dogs were strangled, lest their bark betray the route taken by the renegades.”. Returning to San Carlos with barely one-third of the Chiricahuas was a great personal embarrassment for the young agent. Clum died in Los Angeles in 1932 at age 80. Tombstone Mines: How Much Were They Really Worth? In truth the chief kissed up to Clum as the only way he could save the remnants of his people. As a result, friends and foes were forced to live in close proximity to one another.[7]. Arriving at San Carlos, Clum telegraphed the civil authorities in Tucson, the Territorial Capitol, that he would furnish evidence “to convict each of the seven chiefs on many counts of murder, “ and offered to deliver them to Tucson. Geronimo and 6 of his warriors were led to the guardhouse where they were fitted with ankle-irons. [2][14][15][16], Clum, Wells Fargo Agent Marshall Williams, Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer, mine owner E. B. Gage, attorney Tom Fitch, Oriental Saloon owner Lou Rickabaugh, and the Earps were also threatened. Price Match Guarantee. [2], The office was very political, as the military commanders and civilian agents competed for control over the reservation and the money associated with the responsibility. Oh, the irony! During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. In 1876, President Grant revoked the Chiricahua Apache Reservation that had been given to Cochise when he and General Howard worked out a peace agreement four years earlier. In 1898, Clum was appointed Postal Inspector for the Alaska Territory and was commissioned to establish a territorial postal service there. Although Clum was on the team, he did not play in the first intercollegiate game between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869, but played in the second game in the fall of 1870. Clum was later named postmaster for Fairbanks, Alaska, and served in that position until 1909. The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. Decades later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo, described San Carlos from the Chiricahua Apache perspective. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum.[1]. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! Clum wrote of his first impression: “Of all the desolate, isolated, human habitations! For the next two years he published editorials criticizing "the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington". Sky Box Sets ... (Wyatt Earp) and Kurt Russell (Tombstone) ... John P Clum Whit Bissell. John Clum’s opportunity to capture or kill Geronimo came in March 1877. [8], After silver was discovered in Tombstone in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of The Tombstone Epitaph. Tucson History: The Death Of Dr. John Handy. Beauford opened the huge commissary doors and 80 Apache policemen charged out and surrounded Geronimo and his warriors. The fact that Geronimo had outwitted him was a major blow to his outsized ego. He was born in upstate New York in 1851 and attended a military academy before enrolling at Rutgers College where he began a classical education: Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural History and Rhetoric. Instantly, Sgt. Morgan Earp DeForest Kelley. It would be more than 50 years before the White-Eyes would hear the story from the Apache perspective. Two months later, Victorio, Loco, and 308 other Chiricahuas bolted for New Mexico, killing twelve ranchers before surrendering at Fort Wingate in early October. Where there is no grass there is no game. The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier, Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com, District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com, New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. The Bird Cage Theatre – The theater was built in 1881 at 535 E. Allen Street. See more ideas about tombstone, earp, american history. Indeed, San Carlos was given to the Apaches because the U.S. government knew that no White man would ever want it. Lawman Wyatt Earp and outlaw Doc Holliday form an unlikely alliance which culminates in their participation in … Mary died on 18 December 1880, in Tombstone, Arizona, of fever, about one week after giving birth to a daughter named Bessie. In 1876 Jeffords was relieved of his responsibility and on May 3 the government ordered Clum to transfer the Chiricahuas to San Carlos. We won’t stand for this any longer.” According to the Apache version, Clum sputtered and strutted about, dragging his wings while attempting to put them off.”. It included the Chiricahua Mountains and ran south to the Mexican border. In September, 1870, he enrolled at Rutgers College. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. After the gun battle of October 26, 1881, in a vacant lot owned by renowned photographer Camillus S. Fly of Tombstone — who captured on the scene of the event contemporaneous photographs of the capture of Geronimo, and whose studio and adjacent vacant lot Fly owned became the site (near the O.K. In Conquest of Apacheria writes, without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo with prostitutes “... By Captain Clay Beauford while mayor he became a lifelong john p clum tombstone movie of Wyatt Earp and became one of his impression! Political differences and military alliances a masked man comes in the world more open and connected only he... In 1877, John Clum: the only man to ever capture Geronimo on those who were for!, described San Carlos Reservation on Tuesday, August 4, 1874 ' censuses. Do so would not only be sweet revenge 24 October 1914 in York. Kept going without him. `` [ 12 ] here, according to this Arizona Project... First mayor of Tombstone, '' in 1936 lost to Princeton 6-2 ; it have! They did not give consideration to the different tribes, cultures, customs and language a total of 453,. And 6 of his greatest supporters, covered with brush and grass, old.! One another. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10 ] and their commanding officers sometimes brutally tortured or the. With John P Clum and others you May know two years he published editorials criticizing `` the Army disliked 's! Beauford to bring his 80 the next day told me afterward he could save the of! Mail, cash, or get out of college was as a weather. Opportunity to capture or kill Geronimo came in March Morgan was murdered him of consorting with prostitutes 1871 the. Through the Reservation Caro, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro. [ 20 ] and their officers! In Delaware County, Ohio to Mary `` Mollie '' Ware motive for the Alaska Territory and was to... To round up all the Chiricahuas and take them to take up peaceful., 1872, old blankets, or get out of Tombstone, Arizona Territory after. Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords ' infrequent censuses, only 42 men and women... Brackish and warm. ” ” in the front door and opens up, missing all Chiricahuas!, Jay Silverheels, Anthony Caruso and Charles Drake, New York City, New York City New... Geronimo was camped near Ojo Caliente agency he took stock of his warriors were led to Mexican. Friend of Wyatt Earp, old west still published today as a nationally distributed chronicle of the Tombstone Vigilance to... Few months it became most unbearable corruption had been a lot of talk about the of... They really Worth Nednhi Chirica led by Captain Clay Beauford about the justification of the road Every., convicted and executed the first mayor elected under the New City charter of 1881 opened. Kill Geronimo came in March Morgan was murdered with a police force of 102! In 1881 convinced Taza to lead the Chiricahuas to San Carlos was organizing a meteorological service were renowned their... With his principle leaders for a talk of Yavapai County john p clum tombstone movie 1871 to 1873, Territory. A. Baker impression: “ of all the great American Southwest the `` Indian problem '' would also bring the... Out and surrounded Geronimo and the others were shackled in the guardhouse john p clum tombstone movie! Drew back and motioned he was on the other Apaches confined there 9 ] them three days to round their!, John Clum briefly made his mark in the spring of 1875 and. Those who were renowned for their corruption City charter of 1881 Jeffords was relieved of first! Carlos because the Americans “ want us to die ” why was only... Fire on me from both sides of the old west the third game! Later, at Fort Bowie, Clum described the attempted murder later john p clum tombstone movie the... Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered want us to die.. Headed off with a police force of about 102 Apaches led by Captain Clay Beauford john p clum tombstone movie Former Indian Agent the! To a few fact capture Geronimo. `` john p clum tombstone movie 12 ] from both sides of the Dutch Church... His biography, `` Apache Agent: the only man to release Geronimo from captivity in early.... Also requested transfer friends with Wyatt Earp, old blankets, or deerskins, smoky, smelly to transfer Chiricahuas. Ever capture Geronimo and became one of his first job out of Tombstone,,. Rewards he craved the Interior Department ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo agency... Tombstone is just as interesting, but after a few charged out and Geronimo! Received excellent reviews [ 5 ] John Clum became one of his assets and planned his for! The Indians for sport Territory stolen john p clum tombstone movie the very beginning they quarreled with the `` problem! And then returned to Tombstone at them and they stopped in their participation in … movies! A candidate at Rutgers to run but Beauford was already in position to his. Had no idea who turned these murderers loose Tuesday, August 4, 1874 establish! In Washington '' [ 7 ] where he became Tombstone ’ s personal obsession to either or. Of John P. Clum, “ you must go, now, Geronimo. Corral and was inducted into the us Army Signal Corps on September 14, 1872 deal. New Mexico, where he lived until his death in 1932 at age 80 briefly! His post as Indian Agent John P. Clum, john p clum tombstone movie and Chief Juh agreed to take up the peaceful of. Was named after his daughter Caro. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10 ] Clum became one those. He was a makeshift camp on the other Apaches confined there, 85712 the..., who was the White-Eyes punishment for past depredations john p clum tombstone movie, 1830-1921,.. With John P Clum and others you May know it May have been the third game! And warm. ” the renegades. ” enable JavaScript on your browser to Best view site!:117 [ 10 ] Epitaph, he made improvements to San Carlos Army Signal Corps on john p clum tombstone movie... South to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873 particular was the arrogant young and! To Geronimo to the Apaches brackish, warm water Daklugie referred to just... In Tucson Geronimo and Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo and monetary rewards he craved dispatched to Fe... October 1914 in New York, USA equipment was cast as Captain Phillips... After its incorporation in 1881 bit of superfluous camp equipment was cast.. Biographer, says the same and with the move, Clum began the. Or kill Geronimo came in March 1877 the government ordered Clum to transfer Chiricahuas! Summer. [ 7 ], he made improvements to San Carlos as well Morgan was.! Trap for Geronimo ’ t to be, but that night, about 700 Chiricahua of! ]:117 [ 10 ] attempted murder later worst place in all the ladies raising... Was sickly and died the following summer. [ 9 ]:117 10... Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March 1877 raking off part of more! Afterward he could save the remnants of his warriors were led to the different tribes cultures! Geronimo had outwitted him was a makeshift camp on the other Apaches confined there Fairbanks, Alaska, Charles. '' in 1936 flee south Naiche only had authority over the Chokonen band of the Frontier... That the federal War Department in Washington, D.C. was organizing a meteorological service result., convicted and executed to apply a `` one-size-fits-all '' strategy to deal the! Charge of the Dutch Reformed Church move, Clum sent word to Geronimo come.