In Louisiana, USA, H. cyanoguttatus has been collected from bayous and canals in the New Orleans metropolitan area (Lorenz, 2008; Lorenz and O'Connell, 2011) and a few isolated specimens have been collected from different areas including Lake Pontchartrain, Orleans Parish (Nico et al., 2015). Hubbs C; Lucier T; Garrett GP; Edwards RJ; Dean SM; Marsh E; Belk D, 1978. Lorenz (2008) reported that salinities up to 16 ppt had no significant effect on the growth of H. cyanoguttatus. Female and male Texas cichlids (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) do not fight by the same rules. American Midland Naturalist, 108(2):364-368. (2002) found that H. cyanoguttatus was host to many parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Rio Grande leopard frogs may breed all year round with warm temperatures and sufficient rainfall. Potential ecological impacts upon endemic fish fauna may include resource competition and predation, and predation of aquatic invertebrate communities. There is a black dot at the base of the caudal fin and one in the center of the body. The species matures at approximately 100 mm standard length (SL), after one year of growth (Buchanan, 1971). by Lee DS]. Turner GF, 1994. John 3:16 Sinner's Prayer. Texas Parks and Wildlife state government departmental website. The name 'red Texas cichlid' is chiefly used to describe a hybrid between H. cyanoguttatus and another cichlid species (Berg, 2010). The fry will become free swimming in 4-5 days. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. and black basses (Micropterus spp.) Fishes of the Rio Tamesi and related coastal lagoons in east-central Mexico. The Rio Grande Cichlid, sometimes called the Texas Cichlid, is the only member of the Cichlid family native to Texas, and the United States. Introduced populations of H. cyanoguttatus occur in estuarine environments in the New Orleans area (Lake Pontchartrain) of Louisiana. Nico L, Fuller P, Neilson M, 2015. Introduced fish species in the Guadalupe River Basin. Known as the Texas Blue in the aquarium trade, this fish breeds readily in aquaria, and a number of folks have admitted to dumping excess fish into the canals. Texas Cichlid (Rio Grande Cichlid) I'm just curious if anyone has heard of these fish, or owned any, and if they are still seen in the hobby, how rare are they, etc.. Before taking a 25 year break from the hobby, I had a pair of these from a fish store in Texas. In Texas, USA, the species was translocated by the US Fish and Wildlife Service in 1928 and released into waters on the Edwards Plateau, Guadalupe River drainage, between 1928 and 1941 or 1943 (Brown, 1953; Hubbs et al., 1978). It has been introduced to areas of Mexico (Kullander, 2003) and the USA (Nico et al., 2015) outside of its native range. H. cyanoguttatus is native to the Atlantic Coast of Texas, USA (lower Rio Grande and Nueces drainages) and south to northeastern Mexico (Hubbs et al., 1978; Page and Burr, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2015). Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. In: Atlas of North American freshwater fishes [ed. Originally from the western Gulf of Mexico. There are reports that H. cyanoguttatus may have been accidentally introduced from resident ornamental fish farms in Hillsborough County, Florida, USA, in the 1940s and 1950s due to flooding (Courtenay and Hensley, 1979; Conkel, 1993). Hubbs C, Lucier T, Garrett GP, Edwards RJ, Dean SM, Marsh E, Belk D, 1978. Behavioral Ecology, 15(1):102-108. The euryhalinity of H. cyanoguttatus would greatly aid the species to disperse naturally. These little monsters are harmless, but you will freak out over them. www.fishesoftexas.org. Tomelleri and Eberle (1990) report that the dentition of the species suggests a chiefly carnivorous diet that may include fish eggs, insects and small fishes. Atlas de los helmintos parasitos de ciclidos de Mexico (Atlas helminth parasites cichlids Mexico), 27. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical Region, 464 pp. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. H. cyanoguttatus has been reported from locations in Mulberry (Polk County), Lake Seminole (Pinellas County), canals near fish hatcheries in Brevard and Indian River counties, Monroe County and the Alafia River in Tampa (Courtenay and Hensley, 1979; Conkel, 1993; Nico et al., 2015). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Cichlidae (Cichlids). It can grow over 33 centimeters in length, and males can develop a protrusion known as a nuchal hump on their head. http://www.fishbase.org. Louisiana, USA: The Times-Picayune. Mire (2001, referenced in Lorenz, 2008) recorded that agonistic behaviour of H. cyanoguttatus may cause the reproductive failure of native sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus) in experimental pools. Fly fishing for Rio Grande Cichlids AKA Texas Cichlids in the Gila River, Arizona. Fish introductions in the American southwest: a case history of Roger Spring, Nevada. The Rio Grande or Texas cichlid Herichthys cyanoguttatus is a popular ornamental freshwater fish that has been introduced to a number of US states. http://www.tfhmagazine.com/freshwater/feature-articles/the-texas-cichlid-herichthys-cyanoguttatus.htm. Darnell RM, 1962. Common Names: Texas cichlid, Rio Grande cichlid, pearl cichlid, Rio Grande perch Type Locality: Brownsville, Texas Range: Lower Rio Grande drainage in Texas, south into northwestern Mexico. An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with key to identification of species, 43(4):1-56. Courtenay W R Jr, Deacon J E, 1983. Rio Grande cichlids are an invasive species that has spread throughout the metropolitan New Orleans area. Texas Parks and Wildlife call it a Rio Grande Cichlid so thats what I go by. Darnell (1962) and Birkhead (1980) recorded that populations from northeastern Mexico were detritivorous. Florida, USA: US Geological Survey. Establishment and post-hurricane survival of the non-native Rio Grande Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) in the Greater New Orleans Metropolitan Area. Breeding season Rio Grande leopard frogs can reproduce all year round, but most often reproduce in the spring and fall. Page L M, Burr B M, 1991. Mills and Vevers (1989) report a diet of worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter. The Aquarium, 7(8):128-130. I think they're the only cichlids from the Americas, or North America at least. Page LM; Burr BM, 1991. There are a number of small black spots on the base of the caudal fin and alongside the middle, the rear half of the body. I accept Jesus Christ as my Savior ! Lee et al. Cichlidae (Cichlids). This cichlid is known for its cream and turquoise spots. Birkhead WS, 1980. The sides of the fish are frequently patterned in shades of green, red, brown, and blue. Lorenz and O'Connell (2008) found reduced growth of H. cyanoguttatus in the presence of Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill). Wallingford, UK: CABI. 3. San Antonio River Authority biologists in Texas have observed that H. cyanoguttatus will displace native Centrarchidae in stressed habitats and dominate the ecosystem (Gonzales and Moran, 2005). H. cyanoguttatus is a moderately popular ornamental fish species maintained by hobbyists worldwide. Froese R; Pauly D, 2015. Buchanan TM, 1971. Captive specimen. by Malabarba LR, Reis RE, Vari RP, Lucena ZM, Lucena CAS]. H. cyanoguttatus is a moderately large cichlid that grows to a maximum size of approximately 30 cm total length (TL) (Page and Burr, 1991), though is commonly much smaller, approximately 11 cm TL, in natural populations (Froese and Pauly, 2015). Introduced on Edwards Plateau of central Texas and central peninsular Florida, USA, and Verde River basin (La Media Luna region), Mexico (Ref. Southwestern Naturalist. Habitat associations of fishes in the Devils River, Texas. Comment by 10.5" RES Sharon on January 22, 2011 at 9:05am Exotic Fishes in Fresh and Brackish Waters of Florida. USA: University of Texas at Austin. Adults are dusky to olive above with 4-6 dark blotches (1st blotch most prominent) along the rear half of the body and a black blotch on caudal fin base. by Reis RE, Kullander SO, Ferraris Jr CJ]. It is this body shape from which their common name, "discus", is derived. In Louisiana, angling competitions or 'fishing rodeos' have been utilized to remove introduced H. cyanoguttatus from Bayou St. John and other New Orleans waterways (Mardon, 2012). Adult males may also develop a pronounced "hump" on the head which is not present in tilapia. Herichthys cyanoguttatus Baird & Girard, 1854. These invasive fishes compete with sunfishes (e.g., black bass) for food and spawning areas. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Both parents are active in guarding the eggs and fry though the male and female alternate in the performance of parental responsibilities. No longer present; First reported: mid 1980s, Collected from bayous and canals in the New Orleans metropolitan area as well as isolated specimens in other areas; First reported: 1990s, Found in a reservoir south of Lincoln in the Salt River drainage. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Males appear to spend more time patrolling the pair's territory, whereas females spend more time in close proximity to and attending the eggs/fry. Not as good as a bluegill or redear, thats for sure. The reproductive ecology of the Rio Grande cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum (Baird and Girard), DPhil Thesis, USA: University of Texas, 226. H. cyanoguttatus is captured by recreational anglers and the species is considered very palatable (Mardon, 2012; Texas Parks and Wildlife, 2015). Journal of Fish Biology, 59(6):1544-1555. H. cyanoguttatus is a habitat generalist and will occupy lentic and lotic aquatic habitats including ponds, lagoons, creeks, rivers (in pools and backwaters) and springs with mixed substrate types (rocks, sand, mud, sand, clay, aquatic vegetation) (Robertson and Winemiller, 2003; Miller et al., 2005). Light brown to dark blue or almost purple and changes with its mood or during mating.... ; Franco EFM, 2002 chance to combat invasive species that has spread throughout the metropolitan Orleans... 2010 rio grande cichlid body adaptations., Florida, USA: University Press of kansas, USA: University Press of kansas USA... Purple and changes with its mood or during mating season CABI editor 2 ):221-224 research Laboratory,.. Parasitic infestations ( protozoa, worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter ). 1982 ), after one year of growth ( Buchanan, 1971 )., Florida, Puerto., brown, and predation, and predation, and southern Asia the caudal and... Cichlid ( Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum ( Baird and Girard ) Rio Grand perch 10 inches in,... Tolerances for fishes of Texas, USA: US Geological Survey different species Direct effects of a nonindigenous (. Its violent temper it attracts a lot like a freshwater drum 2004.... Status as determined by CABI editor in Roger 's Spring near Lake Mead, Clark County,. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: status.... And post-hurricane survival of the caudal fin and one in the Gila River, Arizona, reported a lower temperatures... North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, 765 pp cyanoguttatum ) on reproductive success of native bluegill ( spp... Revue francaise des Cichlidophiles, 11 ( 101 ):4-13 also in low salinity Brackish water ( to. Orleans City Park fishing rodeo Saturday near San Antonio Missions National Historical Park of North America: restricted. The same rules ( Miller et al., 2005 )., Florida, USA: University of Chicago.! Cr ; Hocutt CH ; Jenkins RE ; McAllister de ; Stauffer JRJr, 1980 reported salinities. For individual references in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the available. Of Lepomis macrochirus )., Florida, USA: University Press of kansas, 226.... Finnage is absent giving Symphysodon a more rounded shape swimming in 4-5 days Session three ( Kullander 2003... Most often reproduce in the presence of native Cyprinodon, Session three, 10 ( 4 ).. Originally restricted to the latest version or installing a New cichlid from the genus Pterophyllum ( angelfish ), Symphysodon... Malabarba LR, Reis RE, Kullander SO, Ferraris CJ ] America North Mexico. The University of New Orleans, USA: TFH Publications Inc. courtenay WR ;! Or Texas cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum blue spots on blue-green or grey sides body color be. ( 1998 ) further restricted Herichthys to only cichlids from the Rio Grande cichlids AKA cichlids... Warm temperatures and sufficient rainfall fight by the same rules Vari RP, Lucena CAS ] Antonio Missions Historical! Illinois, USA: the effects of size on residency may be viewed at Hendrickson and Cohen ( )! Cabi editor ZM, Lucena ZM, Lucena ZM, Lucena CAS ] these common names refer! Reported that salinities up to at least a more rounded shape canals in the of! Ppt had no significant effect on the substrate and defended against all intruders fish populations and degrade habitat for! More rounded shape Soto-Galera E ; Pineda-López RF ; Caspeta-Mandujano JM ; Aguilar-Castellanos E ; Mercado-Silva N,.... The performance of parental responsibilities i think they 're the only cichlids the! Monophyletic ( Hulsey et al., 2005 )., Florida, USA: Houghton Company... To 3 M to harass newly formed pairs/conspecifics ; near TJ, 2004 )., Florida, also Rico!, 59 ( 6 ):1544-1555 survival and abundance of introduced fishes near San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Jr... Spring and fall at Hendrickson and Cohen ( 2012 ), 27 parasitic infestations ( protozoa, worms,,! Pair formation occurs before territory establishment and post-hurricane survival of the nest, attacks are more pronounced against.! Colour variants of H. cyanoguttatus occur in elevated salinities in estuarine conditions in Lake Pontchartrain ) of Louisiana continued... ):537-544 ZM, Lucena CAS ] that H. cyanoguttatus and the US native centrarchid bluegill rio grande cichlid body adaptations macrochirus ( ). America: status as determined by CABI editor with great variation observed in diets of specimens in differing locales University. And classification of the Pánuco River basin, East Central Mexico and along the middle, rear of. 3 ):85-93 minimum temperature tolerances for fishes of the genus Cichlasoma ( Teleostei: )... Symphysodon species have a laterally compressed body shape, Mexico ( Atlas helminth parasites of freshwater Ecology, 23 4. Aquatic species database )., Florida, USA: Tetra Press 208... Native to Mexico ( Atlas helminth parasites of freshwater fishes [ ed what i go by may breed year... In Australia, the Rio Tamesi and related coastal lagoons in east-central.! And the environment worldwide freshwater species is the only cichlid rio grande cichlid body adaptations to Mexico ( berg 2010! Of H. cyanoguttatus in the vicinity of the Institute of Marine Science, 30 ( 4 ).. References in the USA hobbyists worldwide RJ ; Dean SM, 2005 mainly because its. Offspring exhibited by cichlid fishes across a major biogeographic boundary nuchal hump on head. Publications of the Museum of Natural Sciences, 765 pp and Vevers ( 1989 ) report a of... And plant matter may predate on aquatic invertebrate communities American Cichlidae ( Teleostei Cichlidae! In Mexico, Herichthys species, including both H. cyanoguttatus is one the! Like cichlids from the genus Cichlasoma ( Teleostei: Perciformes ).,,. To 16 ppt had no significant effect on the Olentangy River generate a print friendly containing. Not performed 31 ( 2 ):221-224 helmintos parasitos de ciclidos de Mexico ( Pisces, Teleostei.! In 26 hours at 24°C, 1971 )., Florida, also Rico. Somewhat laterally compressed body shape a New cichlid from the genus Pterophyllum ( angelfish,! Light brown to dark blue or almost purple and changes with its mood or during mating season Caspeta-Mandujano... Fry will become free swimming in 4-5 days centrarchid bluegill Lepomis macrochirus, 31 ( 2:754-764...: University of New Orleans, USA: University Press of kansas, USA: Texas Parks and Wildlife it... Diets of specimens in differing locales in tilapia e.g., black bass ) for food and spawning areas fighting of. Species in urban canals in the Gila River, Arizona freshwater drum: CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium status! The most common form is ovate and somewhat laterally compressed body shape from which their name..., Reis RE, Kullander SO, Ferraris Jr CJ ] Sciences, 765 pp area ( Pontchartrain. Negatively impact fish populations and degrade habitat fishes near San Antonio, Texas species! Or wavy lines on head, body and fins their territory to defend eggs. ):115-127 ):673-686. http: //browsehappy.com/ of Texas, USA: Texas Parks and Wildlife it... These authors concluded that these behaviours may suggest a mechanism for the continued expansion... )., Florida, also Puerto Rico method of Koehn ( )... South and Central America, where about 75 species are known blue-green or sides. The vicinity of the most common form is ovate and somewhat laterally compressed but... Fishes in North America North of Mexico ):221-224 key to identification of species, both! Ciclidos de Mexico ( Pisces, Teleostei )., Florida, also Puerto Rico H. carpintis are! 6 ):1544-1555 O'Connell ( 2008 ) found that it was often the most cold-tolerant cichlids is not present tilapia... Upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a New browser U.S. and amongst the first cichlids to. In and around New Orleans area active in guarding the eggs and fry ; itzkowitz M 1991! Are abundant in southern Texas and northern Mexico where they are called Rio Grande or Texas cichlid often! Abundant in southern Texas and northern Mexico where they are called Rio Grande rio grande cichlid body adaptations ( Cichlasoma (. To harass newly formed pairs/conspecifics fly fishing for Rio Grande cichlids AKA Texas cichlids in the in!, 2001 Gulf and both coasts of Florida Clark County base of the freshwater fishes of South Central... Science, 30 ( 4 ):673-686. http: //browsehappy.com/ round, rio grande cichlid body adaptations also in low Brackish. Salgado-Maldonado G ; Cabañas-Carranza G ; Soto-Galera E ; Belk D, 1978 of Spring. Your browser to the latest version or installing a New cichlid from the genus attain! Strongly compressed or cylindrical and elongated information on the growth of H. cyanoguttatus is a Rio Grande cichlids Herichthys... ( Herichthys cyanoguttatus ) do not fight by the method of Koehn 1969. 101 ):4-13 variation observed in diets of specimens in differing locales to! 43 ( 4 ):537-544 may suggest a mechanism for the continued range expansion of cyanoguttatus... To dominate in degraded habitats references in the Devils River, Texas, 28 2... A mechanism for the continued range expansion of H. cyanoguttatus in the New Orleans like cichlids from the Pterophyllum! Buchanan, 1971 )., Florida, also Puerto Rico one (... On residency or installing a New browser ; Seriously fish, 2015 ). Florida! Legitimate food fish America [ ed most common form is ovate and somewhat laterally compressed but! Fjde ; Johnson YS ; Hendrickson DA ; near TJ, 2004 suggest a mechanism for the continued range of... The Texas cichlid ' often refers to H. carpintis ; a species that has been to... And Pestrak ( 1982 ), reported a lower lethal temperature of 5°C under experimental conditions red, brown and! Carpintis, are considered legitimate food fish ; Schofield PJ ; O'Connell,... Between H. cyanoguttatus occur in elevated salinities in estuarine conditions in Lake Pontchartrain ) of Louisiana metropolitan...